This page includes data that provide two different perspectives on identity and diversity. The first indicator is based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau on race and ethnicity. These data reflect self-identification by people according to the race and ethnicity with which they most closely identify. The population of a racial or ethnic minority is defined as the sum of all racial and ethnic groups except the White, non-Hispanic population. Hispanic / Latino ethnicity data is included as a separate measure, regardless of race. The second indicator is based on refugee arrival data from the U.S. Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM). Refugees are persons who have fled their country of origin to escape a war or due to a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, social status or politics, and have been awarded special protective status in a country of asylum. The U.S. State Department works with international organizations and national voluntary agencies to bring refugees to the United States and to match them to local communities.